Did You Know The Richest Jute Story Behind Our Indian Culture and Heritage?
For a moment, close your eyes and imagine your world being surrounded by GOLD! From the curtains to bags, to carpets to caps. Not the precious metal ‘gold’ we are talking about, but the ‘golden fiber’ jute that is the pride of India. The richness of jute has a remarkable history. Today it finds its way beyond imagination.
Have you ever wondered what the richest jute history could be?
Today this golden fiber has made an impact by being the second most important vegetable fiber only after cotton. Today jute is the least expensive vegetable fiber produced from the skin of the plant’s stem. However, there is a story behind this that walks us through the journey of jute.
Let us walk through the journey of jute and see what it has to say!
The usage of jute for commercial purposes exclusively dates back to the year 1856. It was in the land that boasts richly for its tea plantations and aroma, West Bengal. But surprisingly jute has already left behind its mark even in ancient Indian history.
It was also praised during the reign of King Akbar. ‘Ain-e-Akbari’ is a masterpiece which enlightens us about the administration of Akbar. It was written by Abul Fazal in 1590. This book states that the villagers in India used to wear clothes made of jute.
1590 is really long ago, right?
Also, the golden fiber was successfully able to break the geographical barriers and make its way beyond India. Ancient Africans and Aians used jute to provide cordage and weaving fiber from the stem and food from the leaves. The Chinese also used jute along with silk and hemp to
So what is the golden relationship between the Jews and the jute?
Jews used to design ‘jiaozi’ which was made of coarse jute paper. This is documented by Qiu Shiyu, who was the researcher from the Harbin Academy and an expert of the Jin industry.
What happened to the jute during the British East India Company?
The British East India Company ruled India from the 17th to the middle of the 20th century. Cheers to this company for being the first jute trader. It started by trading only the raw jute in the 19th century but during the 20th century this company began trading with the Dundee’s jute industry.
Welcome, Margaret Donnelly I. She was a jute mill owner in Dundee who set up the first jute mills in India. To put it simply, the entrepreneurs of the Dundee jute industry were called the jute barons.
It was in the year 1793 that the East India Company exported the first consignment of jute. It was about 100 tons of jute. This happened periodically and the rise of jute bloomed.
How did the jute industry flourish in Kolkata, India?
Setting up of the jute mills and the exporting of jute made Bengal stand out for the production of jute. In no time, there was ample labor and abundant supply of coal for power.
In 1855, the first ever jute mill of India was established in Rishra. Mr George Acland bought spinning machinery from Dundee to set up this jute mill.
It was only after four years that the first power driven weaving factory was set up. Growth of jute mills and production was exponential. It was only skyrocketing as by the year
1910, there were 38 companies operating. More than a billion yards of jute cloth and over 450 million bags were exported by then.
So what was the jute expansion to other countries like?
What was only confined to Dundee in 1880’s soon expanded to France, America, Germany, Belgium, Russia, Austria, and Italy in the 19th century. Jute was radiating its glory even after breaking the geographical barriers.
Long story short, the East India Company set jute on fire and the positivity and light radiating to infinity and beyond.
Did the Indian Independence in 1947 affect the golden fiber?
The Indian Independence shook the jute empire. Jute barons started to evacuate India leaving behind the jute industrial setup. This is when the Marwaris and businessmen took over the complete control of the golden fiber. Indians got an upper hand in trading and export. There were a million trials and errors but eventually today India prides itself on the fact we are the largest producer as well the consumers of jute today!
Jute products range from Hessian cloth, shopping bags, hand bags, sacking bags, jute yarns, ropes, cushion covers, bed sheets, floor coverings, and handmade mats.
Properties of jute – Why is it called the Golden Fiber?
● Jute has high tensile strength and low extensibility. The better it shines, the better is the quality.
● Jute has better insulating and antistatic properties. It has low thermal conductivity.
● Jute can also be blended with wool and cotton. This encourages the diverse usage of jute in the textile industry. Its biodegradable property always makes it stand out from the crowd.
Why did we choose jute?
At the Liquid Gold International, we believe in giving Earth a second chance to breathe better. When there is already enough plastic washing go on in the world, little acts of service like switching to more eco-friendly and biodegradable products can help our future generations live a golden life with the golden fiber.
Considering making a simple switch to the natural fibers, like jute, can go a long way in saving our beautiful blue planet.